Sadik Jalal al-‘Azm : Orientalism and orientalism in reverse

Article de Sadik Jalal al-‘Azm paru dans Khamsin. Journal of Revolutionnary Socialists of the Middle East, 8, 1981, p. 5-26.

 

 

PART I. ORIENTALISM

In his sharply debated book, (1) Edward Said introduces us to the subject of ‘Orientalism’ through a broadly historical perspective which situates Europe’s interest in the Orient within the context of the general histori­cal expansion of modern bourgeois Europe outside its traditional con­fines and at the expense of the rest of the world in the form of its sub­jugation, pillage, and exploitation. In this sense Orientalism may be seen as a complex and growing phenomenon deriving from the overall historical trend of modern European expansion and involving: a whole set of progressively expanding institutions, a created and cumulative body of theory and practice, a suitable ideological superstructure with an apparatus of complicated assumptions, beliefs, images, literary pro­ductions, and rationalisations (not to mention the underlying founda­tion of commercial, economic and strategic vital interests). I shall call this phenomenon Institutional Orientalism. Continuer la lecture de « Sadik Jalal al-‘Azm : Orientalism and orientalism in reverse »

Assef Bayat : « Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an « lslamic » Critique of Marxism »

Article d’Assef Bayat paru dans Alif. Journal of Comparative Poetics, n° 10, 1990, p. 19-41.

 

 

[1]

Many have described Ali Shariati as the « ideologue » or the « architect » of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 (1). He has been represented as both an intellectual, who from a radical Islamic viewpoint, offered a vigorous critique of Marxism and other « Western fallacies » (2), and as a reformationist Islamic writer who was simultaneously « influenced by Marxist social ideas » (3).

There is little disagreement on Shariati’s role in transforming and refining the ideological perspective of millions of the literate Iranian youth. Shariati provided his audience with a firm and rigorous ideological means, by re-interpreting Islam through « scientific » concepts employed by the modern social sciences, an interpretation which the traditional Islamic clergy were incapable of formulating. Continuer la lecture de « Assef Bayat : « Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an « lslamic » Critique of Marxism » »

Algeria: The Revolution to Come?

Ma recension de l’essai de Hocine Belalloufi, La Démocratie en Algérie, Réforme ou révolution ? (2012), mise en ligne le 18 avril 2013 sur Jadaliyya.

En voici le premier paragraphe :

On the shelves of bookstores in Algiers, a book appeared a few months ago whose cover immediately stood out.  Under the image of a large classic-looking compass, in large and bold letters, is the question that Hocine Belalloufi tries to answer in roughly five hundred pages: Democracy in Algeria, Reform or Revolution? Since 2008, this former editor-in-chief of Alger Républicain and regular contributor to La Nation has issued a « plea for a new Arab revolution. » He undoubtedly draws on the political openings using the Tunisian revolution as a model. His new work asks us to « think about the Algerian crisis » fifty years after the liberation from colonialism and the imposition of an authoritarian regime.