Assef Bayat : “Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an “lslamic” Critique of Marxism”

Article d’Assef Bayat paru dans Alif. Journal of Comparative Poetics, n° 10, 1990, p. 19-41


Many have described Ali Shariati as the “ideologue” or the “architect” of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 (1). He has been represented as both an intellectual, who from a radical Islamic viewpoint, offered a vigorous critique of Marxism and other “Western fallacies” (2), and as a reformationist Islamic writer who was simultaneously “influenced by Marxist social ideas” (3).

There is little disagreement on Shariati’s role in transforming and refining the ideological perspective of millions of the literate Iranian youth. Shariati provided his audience with a firm and rigorous ideological means, by re-interpreting Islam through “scientific” concepts employed by the modern social sciences, an interpretation which the traditional Islamic clergy were incapable of formulating.


Algeria: The Revolution to Come?

Ma recension de l’essai de Hocine Belalloufi, La Démocratie en Algérie, Réforme ou révolution ? (2012), mise en ligne le 18 avril 2013 sur Jadaliyya.

En voici le premier paragraphe :

On the shelves of bookstores in Algiers, a book appeared a few months ago whose cover immediately stood out.  Under the image of a large classic-looking compass, in large and bold letters, is the question that Hocine Belalloufi tries to answer in roughly five hundred pages: Democracy in Algeria, Reform or Revolution? Since 2008, this former editor-in-chief of Alger Républicain and regular contributor to La Nation has issued a “plea for a new Arab revolution.” He undoubtedly draws on the political openings using the Tunisian revolution as a model. His new work asks us to “think about the Algerian crisis” fifty years after the liberation from colonialism and the imposition of an authoritarian regime.